A history of Ancient and Medieval India by Upinder Singh

To understand Ancient History and Medieval History, we have to understand Song Ancient History and Medieval History chronologically so that we will be able to understand in what order Ancient History has progressed and Medieval History proceeds in what order if we understand Only then can we know that it is important to understand ancient and medieval history.

  1. Ancient chronology (5 Lakh to 1206)
  2. Medical chronology (1206 to 1707)
  3. Reference books and
  4. Pre History
  5. Indus Valley Civilization 2600 BC to 1800 BC
  6. Chalcolithic copper culture 1800 BC to 1500 BC
  7. The advent of Aryans in 1500 BC
  8. Early Vedic period 1000 BC to 1000 BC
  9. Later Vedic period 1000 BC to the 6th century

In ancient ,history we study 16 Mahajanapadas of India and study their lineage like Haryanka dynasty, Shishunaga dynasty, Nanda dynasty, Maurya dynasty, and then Gupta Empire. Compost understands the Moria period and understands the Sangam age.

Ancient chronology (5 Lakh to 1206)

Before we understand the history, we have to understand that how was the ancient history, we are studying this ancient history today it is not possible to get an accurate idea of how it was in ancient times, but on the basis of some facts, we can find out our ancient history.

We study history mainly in 3 parts, the first part is called prehistory and the second part is called proto history.The story is called the third part History. We must understand that there is no evidence or any record of prehistory. We only guess as to the age of passable age.

In protohistory we have some return records but we are not able to read those records even though we have returns we don’t understand it like indus valley civilisation

In history we grow those things which have a written proof and we study history only on the basis of those evidence.

Medieval chronology (1206 to 1707)

In medieval history, we study about the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire, the meaning of saying Delhi Sultanate is that we study the time when Delhi was ruled by the Sultanate. Lodi is from the dynasty while the meaning of saying Mughal Empire is Babur Humayun Akbar Jahangir Shahjahan Aurangzeb and some regional kingdoms of South India such as Bahmani kingdom and Vijayanagara.

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